When were the three daily worship services in Judaism established?

The three services, Shacharit (Morning), Mincha (Afternoon) and Maariv (Evening) were established after the destruction of the Temple, in which sacrifices were publicly offered thrice daily. After sacrificial prayer was no longer conducted, the three daily prayer services were substituted for the sacrifices. The Talmud attributes the establishment of the three daily services to the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob on the basis of three biblical references: Abraham "rose up early in the morning", Isaac went out "to meditate in the field toward evening," and Jacob prayed before he went to sleep upon his stone pillow and has his dream of earth linked to heaven by a ladder. Thus, traditional Jews prayer at least three times a day.

Rabbi Ron

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